onsdag den 31. marts 2010


The subject is neglected by many players or being treated as non existent. I think its a great mistake since my recordings shows that outcome versus reference numbers seems to drift along with the change of air pressure.

Naturally there are a parameter in the equation for predicting the strike diamond, called air resistance. There are other parameters such as rolling and sliding friction but we can as humans not put an exact measure to those when we are simply standing there watching the wheel. The motion of the roulette ball on the rim of the wheel is divided into two phases: the first phase in which the ball slides/rolls round the wheel and the second phase where the ball has went into a rolling motion.

The aerodynamic drag is highly dependend on the air pressure and density in where it is applyed. In the casino, the density and temperature is controlled by the casino through air conditioners and usually it is rather constant, but the air pressure cannot be controlled by the casino. We can as players put a value on the air pressure as we track the wheels and correlate our results accordingly. Some people will call it "shooting birds with a canon", but my own recordinngs shows a significant driift of outcome versus reference numbers . You can argue that you your tracking will suddenly grow to triple size if you have to consider "peanuts" like that, and i agree that if your bet size is 1 Euro, you might as well just play along while you are tracking. I know that somme of you guys play with between 50 - 200 Euros pr number, and in my world it is a lot of money, so all options deserves consideration.

Some people that neglects the air pressure as a factor argues that air resistance is only a factor in a closed environment like in a closed box or cube, but honestly, the rolling of a roulette ball on a semitilted wheel seems to be an extremely delicate action that can easyli mean a different fall off point. In the pic i have attached, it is clear that the whole strike diamond system is being twisted roughly 1 diamond. I know, it could also be other factors, but the data is taken with 2 different air pressures on the same day with 5 hours space in between.

It is certainly a factor that should be considered when precise values for the geometry of the wheel, is being mapped up.

søndag den 21. marts 2010

RFID chips.

Lately there has been rumours about a past posting team that were caught at the Wynn when they past posted a 1000$ chip below a 100$ on the third dozen. The alarm went off for the dealer when the 1000 $ chip suddenly arrived after the number has come out and the claimer of the 1000$ chip were arrested. I have searched the news archives without finding anything on the incident so i don`t know if it is only a rumour.

fredag den 12. marts 2010

So can the dealer influence the outcome ?

Well, on this wheel he certaily can.

It comes from a private club in the south of france where in the mid sixties a fraud took place. Eventually the club owners were arrested but the wheel suddenly appeared on ebay in the UK.

It has small electro magnets under each pocket and i asume there will be a special ball type with a metal core going with the thing.

Amazing, talk about a biased wheel.

lørdag den 18. juli 2009

Sort play in Black Jack by Bill Zender

Some might call it cheating, but i would merely call it advantageplay in line with bias wheel play.
Anyway, here it goes. (you can click on the image to get a better view of the pattern)

Sorts are created when a card is not symmetrically cut during the deck’s printing process. All
casino quality playing card decks are printed on 60 card sheets, and are cut from the sheet using
a two-step process. This process, although done with an automatic cutting machine, is not
perfectly symmetrical. The cut may result in all cards of that deck having a very slight pattern
difference on the sides or ends. Since the cards are printed with a full back design of diamonds,
gems, or intersecting lines, sometimes cut pattern differences can be noticed by the trained eye.
Although this is not common, it can happen. If the difference is too great, and the cut patterns
can be read when sitting within several inches of the dealer held deck, the casino is open for sort
Sort play occurs when a group of players take over the entire table. After the cards are dealt, the
team of players will position or turn their cards in a particular manner so one of the miss-cut
pattern sides faces in the same direction when the slip their hand under the wagered chips. For
example; the sort players may opt to position the ten value cards with all elongated diamonds on
the back pattern facing to the right when the cards are positioned under the wagered chips. In
this case, all non-ten value cards will be rotated 180 degrees in the opposite direction. The sort
players will continue to keep turning the cards in the same manner throughout the dealing of the
deck. Once the dealer shuffles the cards and begins to deal the next deck, the player will resume
turning the cards until they have a majority of the playing cards positioned so they can be read to
indicate the top card of the deck is either a ten or non-ten value card. In essence, the advantage
player uses the miss-cut sort patterns to gain information just like a cheater uses marked cards.
As you will see, the effect is quite similar, and in this next case, too similar.
Gary’s Message
Over dinner, Gary explained that he had recently responded to an alleged marked card situation
at a Reno casino. Once he arrived at the casino, Gary was informed by management that they
believed a team of players on one of their hand held games was marking the cards and using the
information to bust out the dealer’s hand. When Gary reviewed the video, he noticed that every
player on the table was turning and positioning the cards in their hand in a similar fashion that
Gary recognized as sort play. One player was observed standing up, wagering table minimum on
the first table position. Apparently, his job was to read the sort patterns and try and steer either
ten’s or non-ten cards into the next player’s hand. The next player, seated at the third table
position was playing table limit, and was acting as the team’s “big player”. A third player was
standing at the last position, and wagering table minimum. His job was to read the cards on the
top of the deck and try and steer cards into the dealer’s hand in an attempt to bust the dealer.
After watching the team members turn cards and play sorts for about a half hour, the team
terminated play and left the casino.
Out of curiosity, Gary followed them to another casino just down the street. Once inside the
casino, the players set up on another hand held blackjack game, but after a short period quit.
Why? Because the dealer on the game was utilizing an old technique that severely deterred sort
play known as “the turn”. When the dealer noticed the group of players on his table sorting and
arranging cards, during the next shuffle he simply broke the deck in half and turned one half of
the deck 180 degrees before starting the first riffle shuffle. Once team saw the dealer employ a
turn in the shuffle, they ended play and left the casino. This confirmed Gary’s assumption that
the team was using “sort” information, and although they gained an advantage over the casino
playing in this manner, it was totally legal and of no concern to the Nevada Gaming Control
One thing bothered Gary, though. During the review of the video at the first casino, Gary
noticed all the players of the sort team touching the cards in a manner that resembled a marked
card play known as “daubing”. This was quite perplexing. Why would advantage players, using
a legal technique to beat the casino, simulate the motions of cheating card marker? Usually
players utilizing a legitimate technique to gain an advantage would purposely stand clear of any
hand action that might mimic a cheating move. First, they don’t want to draw undue attention to
their play, and second, they wouldn’t want the casino to grab them up for allegedly committing
an act of cheating. Why were these players acting in a manner that might make someone think
they were cheating? In Gary’s words, “It appeared as if they were planting the idea that they
were cheating, since they were so obvious and kept running their finger across the top of the
cards, over and over again.” What would be their motive to attract all this attention?
Zender’s Comment
One thing I understood that Gary didn’t is that there is more than one way to beat the casinos out
of money. The first is over the gaming tables. An advantage team, sorting miss-cut card
patterns, can gain an advantage that will result in wins of several thousand dollars. Second, a
group of players who are arrested by the casino for cheating when all they are doing is using an
unacceptable, but legal technique, stand a chance to make a hundred thousand dollars in a civil
law suit! From Gary’s rendition of the play in Reno, it appears the team was playing sort
information to gain an advantage, and trying to simulate a cheating technique to, shall we say,
“Hedge their bets”.
The following are some suggestions that you may wish to consider if presented with this type of
• Always take time to analyze any suspicious play; don’t jump to conclusions.
• Watch for players who continually turn and position cards held in their hand. This is the
primary indicator of “sort” play.
• Be sure the player’s are not using a legal technique before accusing them of cheating.
Sorts emulate marked card play.
• Allow any gaming investigator responding to the case to make his or her decision on
whether there is evidence of cheating. Show them the facts, but don’t give them a
narrative of the event filled with accusations.
• The best methods for preventing sort play is; (a) place a 180 degree turn of half the deck
immediately prior to a riffle shuffle into your shuffle procedure, or (b) consider using
only faded edge cards on your hand dealt blackjack games.
• Remember, losing money across the tables is not the only way to lose money.

søndag den 28. juni 2009

Team spirit.

An example of a team manual. If someone wanna form a syndicate or a team of players, there must be some guidelines so that everybody knows what to expect. Also, there must be some sort of management of the dayly routines and operating of the money. Each member should have his own function, preferbly what he does best and what the group benefits the best of. I will here first list the advantages of team play and then the manual.

1. A wheel can be tracked constantly by working in shifts.
2. A wheel can be played in shifts, for maximum gain.
3. The bankroll is bigger and the payout is larger.
4. Tracking can be continue with a tracker at the same time a BP is hitting the table (2 people) so the BP don`t have to take notes.


  • Key names within the team.
  • Working area geographicly.
  • Member tests. To protect the team bankroll, members should once in a while be skill testet under controlled conditions.
  • List of stats: Team members are rated as to their winnings.
  • On every casino trip, dealers are rated as A, B, C, and D. D is unplayable.
  • Backroom MO if one of the team members is being backroomed.
  • Betting system for team members at certain conditions within a dealer shift.
  • General policy and procedures.
  • Team confidentiality agreement.
  • Quality assurance, each team member will be asked to sign a commitment contract.
  • Skill requirements for different level of team members.
  • Acceptable and non acceptable extra curricular activities for team members.
  • Penalties for policy violations.
  • Keying guidelines.
  • Betting guidelines.
  • Accounting, security and quality control.
  • Pay ates for team members.
  • Scouting work sheet, each casino is scouted to perfection before a team plays the casino.
How to scout key games, including everything from:
1. Ball types
2. Wheel types.
3. Tilt dgree.
4. visual bias.
5. Conditions, +3 - 4 standard deviations only playable.
6. Calling of NMB.
7. Calculation of ROR and bankroll versus possible gain.
  • Daily updates on the wheel data.
  • Possible recalculation of data if maintenance has taken place.
  • Exit point should be fixed, so comparison of data is possible.
  • Thumper or other external devices might be a possible must, to ensure equal exits in between members.
  • Projecting the possible outcome of an average session, given the specific wheel data and NMB conditions.
  • Payout rates and intervals.
  • Kelly betting.
  • General information.

So do the average AP player has the spirit for this ? VB players tends to be 1 man armys where bias players, how rare they ever are, tends to play in teams since they have to keep an eye on things on a personal basis while accounting for clock and anticlockwise spins.

The problem for VB players is to share identical information. I mentioned using the thumper as a device for getting equal measurements, but i must say i would rather incorporate a proper timer training to the point where we could leave the thumper in the drawer back home.

Well, maybe an inspiration for some to get together and for a syndicate.

torsdag den 18. juni 2009


Just back from London. This month trip took me to London and i can`t say i was disappointed. I managed to find 2 dirty wheels and played them both. The profit kept the lawn green as they say. This time a little greener than normally.

During my tracking i came across an old friend i hadn`t seen since the Holland days. I was standing next to him for 1/2 an hour before we both realized we knew each other, amazing what a change from pony tail hair to skin head does to a mans appearance. The quote Kaisan usually presents: "Wheelwatchers will in nature always meet at the same tables", was in this case correct.

We had a drink at the "Ice bar" at the Galla casino in Tottenham Court Road casino which apparently has opened for 24 hours a day. Later when we enjoyed a nicely cooled Chablis while waiting for the main course at a french restaurant, i learned that life had been hard on the rest of his crew members. But as i learned and saw, he was still managing. We had at one point a closer look at the casino in Bayswater, but i gotta say, thats a no go. They have put screens with max/min bets right in frront of the wheels which makes it impossible to get a good view.

I also think i might need glasses sometimes in the near future, the dealer overheard me saying that i had trouble reading the red numbers and she said; "Don`t worry, you can always find them on the board after the spin"..... Well, thanks a lot, can i still place my bet then .......?

I didn`t manage to meet everybody i had planned, since the play took the better of me. The Tube was on strike on Friday when i had just arrived which makes getting around in inner London extremely slowly.

lørdag den 16. maj 2009


We have all faced the Cammeghs at some point. Where some of the types is  very nice wheels to look at,  some of them certainly is a bit of a challenge for the advantage player.  

 New technology has made maintenance almost non existent. The new bearings actually only makes the wheel run longer the more it is used, because of a new developed technology.  No more lubrication. And that goes for the wheels entire life time.

 The almost invisible built in sensors jn the rim makes sure that NMB is called automaticly before the critical stage where advantage players are making the bets. Thanks god, not all dealers respect the bill board when NMB is being announced.  Hamburg for example.  Some of the dealers let it go, but then again, its Connosieurs so the bounce is terrible. Garnite Track as standard. I have danced with the Connosieurs quite successfully somewhere else where I as a result “have a problem with my membership card”. Im not barred as such. I just can`t get in. Smart move.

 The AR1 is coming with the ultra low profile double radius separator ring frets as standard.  I would love to hear from someone who has done any analysis on these. They should be the ultimate deterrent to advantage players.  They seems extremely low  and I would suspect that the ball would simply roll over the pockets until it found it nessecary to stop.  I would love to see the bounce/roll  on one of these.

 The Starlight wheel has a rotor of some sort of acrylic material and changes from white “glow” to red “glow” when no more bets is called.  What a theatre…………